Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

A type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow that affects white blood cells.
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is the most common childhood cancer. It occurs when a bone marrow cell develops errors in its DNA.
Symptoms may include enlarged lymph nodes, bruising, fever, bone pain, bleeding from the gums and frequent infections.
Treatments may include chemotherapy or targeted drugs that specifically kill cancer cells.

What is the survival rate for acute lymphocytic leukemia?
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)

The 5-year survival rate for children with ALL has greatly increased over time and is now about 90% overall. In general, children in lower risk groups have a better outlook than those in higher risk groups.

Is acute lymphocytic leukemia fatal?
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is also called acute lymphoblastic leukemia. “Acute” means that the leukemia can progress quickly, and if not treated, would probably be fatal within a few months. “Lymphocytic” means it develops from early (immature) forms of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.

How is acute lymphocytic leukemia diagnosed?
Diagnosing Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

To diagnose leukemia, doctors perform a number of tests. Usually, doctors begin with a blood test (called a CBC, or complete blood count). Although the blood test may show leukemia cells, doctors need to examine a sample of bone marrow before confirming the exact diagnosis.

What is acute lymphocytic leukemia in adults?
Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Previous chemotherapy and exposure to radiation may increase the risk of developing ALL


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