Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer

Cancer that begins in the bladder.
This cancer typically affects older adults. It’s usually diagnosed early, when it’s still treatable. It’s likely to recur, so follow-up tests are typically recommended.
The most common symptom is blood in the urine.
Treatments include surgery, biological therapy and chemotherapy.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?
While the exact cause of bladder cancer is not known, certain risk factors are linked to the disease, including tobacco smoking and exposure to certain chemicals and gases. Also, people with a family history of bladder cancer have a high risk of developing the disease.

Is bladder cancer curable?
Follow-up and outlook after treatment

The outlook for people with stage 0a (non-invasive papillary) bladder cancer is very good. These cancers can be cured with treatment. During long-term follow-up care, more superficial cancers are often found in the bladder or in other parts of the urinary system.

What are the 3 types of bladder cancer?
The 3 main types of bladder cancer are:

  • Urothelial carcinoma. Urothelial carcinoma (or UCC) accounts for about 90% of all bladder cancers.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cells develop in the bladder lining in response to irritation and inflammation.
  • Adenocarcinoma.

How dangerous is bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer can be benign or malignant. Malignant bladder cancer may be life threatening, as it can spread quickly. Without treatment, it can damage tissues and organs. In this article, we cover everything you need to know about bladder cancer, including types, symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?
High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?
The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. The overall 10-year survival rate is 70% and the overall 15-year survival rate is 65%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed.

Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?
Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.

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