Injuries and Wounds.

Injuries and Wounds.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren’t serious, but it is important to clean them.
Are there different types of open wounds?
  • Abrasion. An abrasion occurs when your skin rubs or scrapes against a rough or hard surface. …
  • Laceration. A laceration is a deep cut or tearing of your skin. …
  • Puncture. A puncture is a small hole caused by a long, pointy object, such as a nail or needle. …
  • Avulsion.

When your skin is cut, scraped, or punctured, you usually start to bleed. Within minutes or even seconds, blood cells start to clump together and clot, protecting the wound and preventing further blood loss. These clots, which turn into scabs as they dry, are created by a type of blood cell called a platelet.

Extensive research has shown that moisture is best, so it’s important to keep your wounds covered. Using NEOSPORIN® First Aid Antibiotic Ointment, in addition to a bandage, kills all three of the most common skin bacteria to provide long-lasting infection protection.
How to Heal Open Wounds Faster
  • Keep the wound moist – Scientific research has shown that a moist healing environment is beneficial for wound healing. …
  • Wounds Heal Faster with Vaseline – Vaseline (petroleum jelly) not only keeps wounds clean and moist but also provides an occlusive layer, thus keeps the wound covered.

A handful of studies have found that when wounds are kept moist and covered, blood vessels regenerate faster and the number of cells that cause inflammation drop more rapidly than they do in wounds allowed to air out. It is best to keep a wound moist and covered for at least five days.

Doctors frequently prescribe antibiotics for wound infection, including:

  • Amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin, Augmentin-Duo)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Clindamycin (Cleocin)
  • Dicloxacillin.
  • Doxycycline (Doryx)
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

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