SKIN HEALTH

SKIN HEALTH

Nutritional status plays an essential role in the maintenance of healthy skin. The largest organ in the body is skin. It performs as the first defense against disease and infection, and it saves your internal organs from injuries. The importance of care your skin healthy can’t be overemphasized. It’s the body’s initial protection against disease and infection, and it shielding your internal organs from injuries. The skin helps regulate body temperature and avert excess fluid loss, and it also helps your body decrease excess water and salt. Skin conditions can affect anyone—teenager and old, male and female. Acne, psoriasis and eczema are just some examples of common skin disorders. Skin gives a physical and chemical barrier between the outside environment and the inside tissues of the body. This ‘barrier function’ is critical to protect underlying tissues from pathogens, chemicals, and environmental exposures . Structurally, skin is comprised of two main layers, the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis, the outer layer, is responsible for many of the barrier functions of skin. The dermis is the structural and nutritive support network underneath the epidermis. Since each layer has its own unique structure and function, the nutritive requirements of each must be considered separately. The main fuel for skin cells is glucose; glucose oxidation rates in skin are similar to those observed in resting skeletal muscle. Glucose also gives carbohydrate backbones for modification of proteins (glycoproteins) and lipids (glycoplipids) that comprise the extracellular environment of the epidermis. Aberrant glucose controlling drastically affects skin structure and appearance. Much of the role of nutrition in skin health focuses on the effects of deficiency, since the structural components of the skin are carry by a variety of nutritive factors, such as small peptides, minerals, and vitamins, which serve as enzyme cofactors, activators, or inhibitors. The skin is always exposed to high concentrations of oxygen, UV light and oxidizing chemicals, highlighting a role for antioxidant vitamins in skin function. Further, nutritional support of the skin is important inflammatory response during wound healing. As we know that the sun can damage your skin as well. Sunlight carry ultraviolet (UV) light that do sunburn and makes your skin age faster, leading to more wrinkles as you get older. “There’s a strong connection between UV exposure and skin cancer. So protect your skin from the sun. Wear mask and other protective clothing, use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30, and restrict your time in the sun during the late morning and early afternoon hours, when sunlight is strongest. Skin care starts with us. Many simple lifestyle changes—such as improving your diet and learning basic skin care techniques can improve your skin’s appearance.  You have to take precaution for good skin. There are some steps for healthy skin. You have to take good nutrition,  drinking six to eight glasses of water per day, avoiding alcohol, stopping smoking, avoiding sun exposure during peak sun hours between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m, wearing protective clothing when outside and using sunscreen regularly.

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