Toxicology is a scientific discipline, overlapping with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms and the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins and toxicants.

What is the study of toxicology?

Toxicology is traditionally defined as “the science of poisons.” Over time, our understanding of how various agents can cause harm to humans and other organisms has increased, resulting in a more descriptive definition of toxicology as “the study of the adverse effects of chemical, physical, or biological agents

What is the importance of toxicology?

An important role of toxicology is to identify the important effect or sets of effects in order to prevent irreversible or debilitating disease. One important part of this task is the identification of the organ first or most affected by a toxic agent; this organ is defined as the “target organ”. Medical toxicology is officially recognized as a medical subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Specialties. Its practitioners are physicians, whose primary specialization is generally in emergency medicine, occupational medicine, or pediatrics.

How do you become a toxicologist?

Education. To work as a toxicologist, you will need to earn at least an undergraduate degree in toxicology or a related field (chemistry, biology, biochemistry). Laboratory experience is valuable, as well as courses in statistics and mathematics. A bachelor’s or master’s degree will enable you to work in the lab.

Is toxicology a good career?

Toxicologists come from a variety of academic backgrounds, including chemistry, biochemistry and pharmacology. … Although a career in toxicology can be rewarding and pays reasonably well, there are some disadvantages to the job as well.


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